Affordable Access

Publisher Website

A soluble inhibitor of T lymphocyte function induced by HIV-1 infection of CD4+ T cells: Characterization of a cellular protein and its relationship to p15E

Authors
Journal
Cellular Immunology
0008-8749
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
128
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0008-8749(90)90031-l
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Medicine

Abstract

Abstract Soluble suppressor factor (SSF), first described in association with HIV-1 infection in vivo, is a molecule(s) capable of inhibiting T cell-dependent immune reactivity. Its relationship to human immunodeficiency virus was further defined as supernatants of mononuclear cell cultures from HIV-1-seropositive carriers, CD4+ T lymphocytes infected with HIV-1 in vitro, and a T cell hybridoma incorporating CD4+ lymphocytes from an HIV-1-seropositive individual were shown to elaborate factors with similar activity profiles. These factors were recognized antigenically by certain antibodies directed against epitopes of p15E, a transmembrane protein of murine leukemia virus which shares regions of identity with proteins deduced from human endogenous retroviral envelope transcripts as well as HIV. These reagents precipitated a single-chain, nonglycosylated, nonviral protein of molecular weight 57,000 Da from SSF-producing cells. There was no cross-reactivity with antisera recognizing the IL-2R α-chain (CD25) or tumor necrosis factor. This molecule was present in very low levels in PHA-activated T lymphocytes and was upregulated following their infection with HIV-1. Isolation of HIV-linked SSF should permit comparisons with other virion, cellular, and serum inhibitory substances described in AIDS, and perhaps suggest therapeutic strategies.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.