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The pediatric nephrotic syndrome spectrum: Clinical homogeneity and molecular heterogeneity

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Publication Date
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PMC
Keywords
  • Article
Disciplines
  • Medicine

Abstract

Idiopathic nephrotic syndrome is the most common glomerular disorder of childhood. Recurrence of nephrotic syndrome immediately following renal transplantation is rapid, results in a high rate of graft loss, and represents the most severe form of nephrotic syndrome. This review discusses the molecular heterogeneity of pediatric nephrotic syndrome across the spectrum of disease activity. A schema is offered for a molecular approach to pediatric nephrotic syndrome, including immune-mediated and structural/genetic factors.

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