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Design Considerations for Autocalibrations of Wide-Band Δ Σ Fractional- 𝑁 PLL Synthesizers

Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Publication Date
  • Design


Autocalibration of VCO frequency and loop gain is an essential process in PLL frequency synthesizers. In a wide tuning-range fractional- 𝑁 PLL frequency synthesizer, high-speed and high-precision automatic calibration is especially important for shortening the lock time and improving the phase noise. This paper reviews the design issues of the PLL auto-calibration and discusses on the limitations of the previous techniques. A very simple and efficient auto-calibration method based on a high-speed frequency-to-digital converter (FDC) is proposed and verified through simulations. The proposed method is highly suited for a very wide-band Δ Σ fractional- 𝑁 PLL.

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