Abstract A spectroscopic neutron imaging is attractive in the research field of energy-selective neutron radiography. Imaging using the time-of-flight (TOF) method at a pulsed neutron source is very suitable for such spectroscopic measurements. We developed new two-dimensional position sensitive neutron detectors (2D-PSNDs) aiming at high detection efficiency, high counting rate and high time resolution which are the most important 2D-PSND performances for the spectroscopic imaging. These detectors consist of independent 6Li-glass (Ce) scintillator pixels, and have been used in various pulsed neutron transmission experiments. As a result, we have succeeded in developing various new imaging techniques; crystallographic, nuclide-selective and thermographic imaging.