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Recombinant CUB-1 domain polypeptide inhibits the cleavage of ULVWF strings by ADAMTS13 under flow conditions

© 2005 by The American Society of Hematology
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  • Hemostasis
  • Thrombosis
  • And Vascular Biology
  • Biology


The metalloprotease ADAMTS13 (a disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin motif) converts the hyperreactive unusually large (UL) forms of von Willebrand factor (VWF) that are newly released from endothelial cells into less active plasma forms by cleaving a peptide bond in the VWF A2 domain. Familial or acquired deficiency of this metalloprotease is associated with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). ADAMTS13 belongs to the ADAMTS metalloprotease family, but, unlike other members, it also contains 2 C-terminal CUB domains (complement component Clr/Cls, Uegf, and bone morphogenic protein 1). Mutations in the CUB region have been found in congenital TTP, but deletion of the region did not impair enzyme activity in conventional in vitro assays. We investigated the functions of the CUB domain in ADAMTS13 activity under flow conditions. We found that recombinant CUB-1 and CUB-1+2 polypeptides and synthetic peptides derived from CUB-1 partially blocked the cleavage of ULVWF by ADAMTS13 on the surface of endothelial cells under flow. The polypeptide bound immobilized and soluble forms of ULVWF, and blocked the adhesion of ADAMTS13-coated beads to immobilized ULVWF under flow. These results suggest that the CUB-1 domain may serve as the docking site for ADAMTS13 to bind ULVWF under flow, a critical step to initiate ULVWF proteolysis.

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