Abstract The glyoxylate cycle enzyme, isocitrate lyase (EC 126.96.36.199) was purified from cotyledons of Citrullus vulgaris (watermelon). The final preparation, which had been 97-fold purified with a specific activity of 16.1 units/mg protein in a yield of 36%, was homogeneous by gel- and immunoelectrophoretic criteria. The tetrameric enzyme had: a molecular weight of 277 000, a sedimentation coefficient of 12.4 s, and a K m for D s-isocitrate equal to 0.25 mM. Isocitrate lyase from this source is not a glycoprotein as shown by total carbohydrate content after precipitation by trichloroacetic acid of the purified enzyme. Reduction of the enzyme with thiols increased activity and maximal activity was obtained with at least 5 mM dithiothreitol. EDTA partially substituted for thiol in freshly isolated enzyme. Watermelon isocitrate lyase was also protected against thermal denaturation at 60° for at least 1 hr by 5 mM Mg 2+ plus 5 mM oxalate. Oxalate was a competitive inhibitor with respect to isocitrate (K i: 1.5 μM, pH 7.5, 30°).