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Eye-wiping test: A sensitive animal model for acute trigeminal pain studies

Authors
Journal
Brain Research Protocols
1385-299X
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
16
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.brainresprot.2005.10.003
Keywords
  • Eye Wiping
  • Hot Plate
  • Morphine
  • Pain

Abstract

Abstract The possibility of introducing eye-wiping test as a model of acute pain was examined in rat, and it was compared with the well-known hot plate test. One drop of NaCl 5 M was placed into the animal eye, and the number of eye wipes with the ipsilateral forelimb was counted during 30 s. The withdrawal latency in hot plate test was also examined. Afterward, animals were treated with morphine (1, 2, 4, 6, 8 or 10 mg/kg), imipramine (25 mg/kg), sodium salicylate (250 mg/kg) or saline (i.p). After 30 min, the animals were tested again with eye-wiping and hot plate tests. Our results showed that morphine injection dose dependently decreased the number of eye wipes and increased the response latency to hot plate tests. There was a good correlation between the analgesic effects of morphine on responses to both tests, however, morphine produced more pain relief in eye-wiping test. Imipramine significantly decreased the number of eye wipes and increased the response latency to hot plate test, while sodium salicylate and saline injection did not. It may be concluded that the eye-wiping test can be used as a reliable method in trigeminal pain studies, which is sensitive to opioid and tricyclic antidepressant in rat.

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