Affordable Access

Publisher Website

Promotion of colon carcinogenesis through increasing lipid peroxidation induced in rats by a high cholesterol diet

Cancer Letters
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/0304-3835(95)04073-0
  • Colon Cancer
  • Cholesterol
  • Lipid Peroxidation
  • Dimethylhydrazine
  • Promotion
  • Biology
  • Medicine


Abstract To examine the influence of hypercholesteremia on 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH)-induced rat colon cancer, Sprague-Dawley rats received dietary cholesterol (CH, 0–2%) and cholic acid (CA, 0.25%) with or without DMH (20 mg/kg, s.c. injection) for 18 weeks. The rats receiving dietary cholesterol and cholic acid all significantly increased total serum cholesterol and lipids but only a high cholesterol diet (2% CH plus 0.25% CA) decreased the activity of glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and increased the formation of peroxides in the colon ( P < 0.01). The rats that received the combination of DMH and high cholesterol diet enhanced these effects. At the end of the experiment, the diet group administered DMH and high cholesterol (2% CH plus 0.25% CA) developed colon adenoma at 50% of incidence in pathological examination, but no colon adenoma formed in the rats treated with high cholesterol alone. It is supposed that a non-carcinogenic agent like cholesterol may potentiate the carcinogenicity of DMH in rats via an increase of lipid peroxidation and decrease in the activity of peroxidase in the target organ.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.