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(ii) Meniscal tears

Authors
Journal
Current Orthopaedics
0268-0890
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
20
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.cuor.2006.02.010
Keywords
  • Meniscus
  • Meniscal
  • Function
  • Tear
  • Meniscectomy
  • Repair
  • Allograft
Disciplines
  • Engineering
  • Medicine

Abstract

Summary Meniscal tears are the most common injuries to the knee. The menisci have important functions within the knee, and loss of a meniscus from surgical meniscectomy significantly increases the risk of subsequent development of degenerative changes within the knee. In younger patients, some meniscal tears may be repairable, and there is now a wide variety of different techniques available for meniscal repair, with highly encouraging published clinical results. In patients with a painful knee where there has already been a previous meniscectomy, meniscal replacement by meniscal allograft transplantation may be a viable option. However, in the future, solutions may well lie within the field of tissue engineering.

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