The main aim of this text is to highlight the importance of the universities in the philosophical system of Thomas Hobbes. It will be done by analysing firstly his personal experience as an Oxford student, which was an important stimulus for the development of his later attitude towards universities. Then we shall present, by combining historical and problematical approach, Hobbes’ critique of universities as well as his proposal for the reform of the universities. Both will be placed in the historical context, as well as in the context of Hobbes’ political, anthropological, and epistemological thought. Lastly, in the conclusion we shall critically evaluate the actuality and objectivity of Hobbes’ critique, as well as the validity of his proposal for the reform of the universities.