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Findings on human resources in, Westat

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MURDOCH RESEARCH REPOSITORY This is the author’s final version of the work, as accepted for publication following peer review but without the publisher’s layout or pagination. The definitive version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13384-013-0100-5 Sullivan, K., Perry, L.B. and McConney, A. (2013) How do school resources and academic performance differ across Australia’s rural, regional and metropolitan communities? The Australian Educational Researcher, 40 (3). pp. 353-372. http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/17586/ Copyright: © 2013 The Australian Association for Research in Education, Inc. It is posted here for your personal use. No further distribution is permitted. U N C O R R E C T E D P R O O F 12 3 How do school resources and academic performance 4 differ across Australia’s rural, regional 5 and metropolitan communities? 6 Kevin Sullivan • Laura B. Perry • Andrew McConney 7 Received: 28 November 2012 / Accepted: 11 June 2013 8 � The Australian Association for Research in Education, Inc. 2013 9 Abstract This study uses data from the Programme for International Student 10 Assessment (PISA) to gain a better understanding of how academic performance 11 and resources vary across rural–urban school communities in Australia. While it is 12 well known that schools in rural areas have difficulty recruiting and retaining 13 teachers, the degree to which schools in larger sized communities across Australia 14 also face this problem is less understood. Moreover, very little is known about the 15 degree to which shortages of instructional materials and equipment are associated 16 with rural–urban location. The analysis includes 353 schools across eight commu- 17 nity types that range in size of\1,000 people in small country towns to more than a 18 million people in large capital cities. School principals reported the degree to which 19 instruction in t

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