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Klassen- und Schichtbildung im Medium des privaten Konsums : vom späten Kaiserreich in die Weimarer Republik

Publication Date
  • History
  • Geschichte
  • Social History
  • Sozial-/Wirtschaftsgeschichte
  • Historische Sozialforschung
  • Deutsches Reich
  • Einkommen
  • Konsum
  • Privathaushalt
  • Soziale Differenzierung
  • Soziale Schichtung
  • Verhalten
  • German Reich
  • Income
  • Consumption
  • Private Household
  • Social Differentiation
  • Social Stratification
  • Behavior
  • Empirical
  • Quantitative Empirical
  • Historical
  • Empirisch
  • Empirisch-Quantitativ
  • Historisch


'It has commonly been stated that during the early twentieth century workers were distinguished form salaried employees and civil servants by different pattern of consumption (blue collar versus white collar). Cluster analysis of household budgets revealed that this way characterising differences in consumption is misleading. Consumption differences between occupational groups were inherent in the classification of groups. Groups of similar consumptional behaviour produced by cluster analysis very often show a mixture of occupational groups. Clusters of comparatively homogenous social groups predominately exist at the top and at the bottom end of the income scale: At the extremes consumption patterns primarily depend on the level of income; there occupational factors and other determinants of the formation of status groups are of secondary importance. Especially among lower incomes the possibilities of status group formation are severely restricted. However among higher incomes a consumption pattern probably typical for a certain occupational group is shared by members of other occupational groups. Empirical results by using cluster analysis suggested that status groups as differential associations defined through different life styles do not coincide with certain occupational groups. However, occupation and occupational situation did have some impact on the pattern of consumption. Thus there is empirical evidence that the formation of class and status groups showed manifold interdependencies.' (author's abstract)

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