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Can diet and life style explain regional differences in adult mortality in the Balkans?

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Disciplines
  • Economics

Abstract

Can Diet and Life Style Explain Regional Differences in Adult Mortality in the Balkans? Max-Planck-Institut für demografische Forschung Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research Doberaner Strasse 114 · D-18057 Rostock · GERMANY Tel +49 (0) 3 81 20 81 - 0; Fax +49 (0) 3 81 20 81 - 202; http://www.demogr.mpg.de MPIDR WORKING PAPER WP 1999-003 APRIL 1999 Can Diet and Life Style Explain Regional Differences in Adult Mortality in the Balkans? Arjan Gjonça ([email protected]) Chris Wilson ([email protected]) Jane Falkingham ([email protected]) This working paper has been approved for release by: James W. Vaupel ([email protected]) Head of the Laboratory of Survival and Longevity. © Copyright is held by the authors. Working papers of the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research receive only limited review. Views or opinions expressed in working papers are attributable to the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the Institute. Gjonça, Wilson, Falkingham 1 Can diet and life style explain regional differences in adult mortality in the Balkans? 1. Introduction The health of any population is determined by a complex set of factors. While demographers often consider socio-economic determinants, such as income or urban-rural status, longer-standing cultural factors are often hard to assess. Nevertheless, there are parts of the world where issues such as diet and life-style, often linked both to geography and history are important considerations for a full understanding of a population’s health. One such region is the Balkans in south-east Europe, the focus of this paper. After this introduction, the paper begins (section 2) with a consideration of the historical background that has influenced the economic, social and cultural life of the Balkans. It then goes on to consider the availability and quality of the data for this study (section 3), before assessing the trends and levels of mortality in Balkan countries since World War II (sectio

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