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(18-Crown-6)-2,3,11,12-tetracarboxylic acid as a chiral NMR solvating agent for determining the enantiomeric purity and absolute configuration of β-amino acids

Authors
Journal
Tetrahedron Asymmetry
0957-4166
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
20
Issue
17
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.tetasy.2009.07.027

Abstract

Abstract (18-Crown-6)-2,3,11,12-tetracarboxylic acid is an excellent chiral NMR solvating agent for cyclic β-amino acids and acyclic derivatives with aliphatic, aromatic, and heterocyclic aromatic moieties. The β-amino acids are mixed with the crown ether in methanol- d 4 in either their neutral or protonated form. Substantial enantiomeric discrimination typically occurs for the resonances of the α-methylene and β-methine hydrogen atoms. Resonances of the substituent group of the β-amino acid often exhibit enantiomeric discrimination. The enantiomeric discrimination of the α-methylene and β-methine resonances of specific groups of compounds shows consistent patterns that correlate with the absolute configuration.

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