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"‘If I’d Wanted You to Understand I Would Have Explained It Better’: What is the Purpose of the Provisions on Closer Co-operation Introduced by the Treaty of Amsterdam?"

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  • Decision Making/Policy-Making


The provisions on "closer-co-operation" introduced by the Treaty of Amsterdam are of major potential significance. They attempt to establish an EU framework within which new endeavors may be pursued by some, but not all, Member States of the Union. They are intimately connected with the quest to identify what is central to the Union’s mission and accordingly deserving of protection from splinter groups.

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