Abstract Thirty-one plant species, including legumes, grasses and sedges, were found to be growing naturally on gypsum mined spoil. These species carried AM-fungal infections which varied from plant to plant. Percent root infection by AM fungi was higher among legumes, grasses and sedges growing on mined spoils than on plants growing on normal soil. Plants on mined spoil had significantly higher K, Ca, Mg and Fe concentrations and lower concentrations of N, P, Zn and Cu. The results demonstrated the possibility of employing AM fungi for rehabilitating gypsum mined spoils.