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Reproductive Health Problems Among the Adolescent Girls

Bangladesh Medical Association
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  • Medicine
  • Biology
  • Medicine
  • Social Sciences


BMA Journal Vol 36. No. 2. 2007.pmd MENOPAUSE AND HORMONE THERAPY Nahid Yasmin1, Sayeeda Sultana,2 Shahin Akhter Jahan Habib3 Background: Menopause is a natural biological process, not a medical illness. Although it is associated with hormonal, physical and psychosocial changes in life, it is not the end of youth or of sexuality. Several generations ago, few women lived beyond menopause, Today, women may spend as much as half of their life after menopause. Hormone therapy (HT) has been widely used in recent decades to relieve the signs and symptoms of menopause and – doctors thought- to prevent disease associated with aging. However, new long term evidence has demonstrated that hormone therapy may actually increase risk of serious health conditions, such as heart disease , breast cancer and stroke. Oestrogen therapy is still a safe, short –term option for some women, but numerous other therapies also are available to help women manage menopausal symptoms and stay healthy during this important phase of life. Signs and symptoms: Many women wonder and worry about what will happen when they reach menopause, but in fact it can be a liberating experience! During and after menopause women suffer from a wide range of symptoms1,2.Every women experiences menopause differently3,4. Menopause most often occurs between the ages of 45 and 55.Sign and symptoms also are likely to be vary from individual to individual5,6,7,8. Some may breeze through menopause with few signs and symptoms. Some may experience a number of physical and emotional changes, including: Irregular periods: Menstrual periods may stop suddenly, or gradually get lighter or heavier and then stop. The unpredictability of periods may be first clue that menopause is approaching. Vaginal and urinary changes: As oestrogen level declines, the tissues lining vaginal and urethra become drier, thinner and less elastic. With decreased lubrication one may experience burning or itching, along with increased risk of infections of urina

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