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Preclinical evaluation of an immunotherapeutic peptide comprising 7 T-cell determinants of Cry j 1 and Cry j 2, the major Japanese cedar pollen allergens

Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1067/mai.2001.115481
  • Medicine


Abstract Background: Peptide immunotherapy is a new approach to treating allergic diseases, but a therapeutic peptide for Japanese cedar pollinosis has not yet been developed. Objective: The aim of this study is to prepare and preclinically evaluate a hybrid peptide comprising 7 T-cell determinants of Cry j 1 and Cry j 2, the major Japanese cedar pollen allergens. Methods: The recombinant hybrid peptide was prepared after immunodominance of 7 T-cell determinants was confirmed by means of PBMC proliferation assay in 113 volunteers with pollinosis. The hybrid peptide was compared with a mixture of the 7 T-cell determinants in a dose-dependent PBMC proliferation assay in 6 volunteers with pollinosis. PBMC proliferation and binding activity of serum IgE antibody against the hybrid peptide, Cry j 1, and Cry j 2 were investigated in 48 volunteers with pollinosis. Results: The hybrid peptide induced T-cell proliferation with an average 100-fold lower concentration than a mixture of the 7 peptides. PBMCs from 44 (92%) of 48 volunteers proliferated against the hybrid peptide, with significant correlation ( r = 0.87) in T-cell proliferation against Cry j 1 and Cry j 2. No serum IgE antibodies specific to Cry j 1 or Cry j 2 bound to the hybrid peptide. Conclusion: A hybrid peptide comprising 7 T-cell determinants has the potential for inducing T-cell proliferative responses that is superior to the potential of a mixture of the T-cell determinants and comparable with that of Cry j 1 and Cry j 2. The hybrid peptide will be of use in specific immunotherapy against Japanese cedar pollinosis. (J Allergy Clin Immunol 2001;108:94-100.)

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