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Integration of scientific forecasts: Methodology for integration of scientific forecasts in the process of national science policy making

Authors
Journal
Technological Forecasting and Social Change
0040-1625
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
30
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0040-1625(86)90046-6
Disciplines
  • Communication
  • Computer Science

Abstract

Abstract A systematic procedure of confrontation and integration of scientific forecasts is explained on the basis of practical experience of science policy making at the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences. The output of the procedure is the science forecasting field and represents a relatively stable methodological form and structure of forecasting information, the mission of which is to mediate the communication between the world of science and the society. The methodology is based on the hypothesis that the traditional dichotomy between internal and external driving forces of the progress in scientific knowledge can be overcome through the confrontation and integration of outcomes of two systems of forecasting the societal utilization of science: the demand side and the supply side. Science forecasting serves as a tool for linking two sorts of scientific forecasts and for integrating their interrelationships into science policy decision situations at the strategic, tactical/programming, and operational/planning/management level.

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