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Fabrication of nanogel core–silica shell and hollow silica nanoparticles via an interfacial sol–gel process triggered by transition-metal salt in inverse systems

Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2013.06.003
  • Nanogel Core–Silica Shell Nanoparticles
  • Hollow Silica Particles
  • Magnetization
  • Transition-Metal Salt


Abstract Nanogel (hydrophilic polymer nanoparticles) core–silica shell nanoparticles were successfully fabricated via hydrolysis and condensation reaction of tetraethoxysilane (TEOS). Transition-metal tetrafluoroborate-containing nanogels were used as templates for fabrication in inverse systems (cyclohexane as continuous phase). Magnetic, hollow silica particles were subsequently formed by removing the polymer core and converting iron salts to iron oxides via heat treatment. We propose that the formation of the core–shell morphology is induced by the promoted precipitation of silica species at the surface of nanogels due to the interaction between silica species and transition-metal tetrafluoroborate. The influence of the synthesis parameters (type and amount of salts, pH of the nanogels, and amount of TEOS) on the particle morphology was systematically investigated. The pore properties and specific surface area of the hollow silica particles could be modified by the varying the amount of salt.

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