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Model reactor for photocatalytic degradation of persistent chemicals in ponds and waste water

Authors
Journal
Chemosphere
0045-6535
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
39
Issue
15
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s0045-6535(99)00200-3
Keywords
  • Model Reactor
  • Photocatalysis
  • Titanium Dioxide
  • Solar Energy
  • Persistent Chemicals
  • Degradation
  • Waste Water Treatment
Disciplines
  • Chemistry
  • Ecology
  • Geography

Abstract

Abstract A laboratory scale flow-through model reactor for the degradation of persistent chemicals using titanium dioxide (TiO 2) as photocatalyst immobilized on glass beads is presented. In the test system with a volume of 18 L contaminated water is pumped to the upper part of the floating reactor and flows over the coated beads which are exposed to UV-radiation. The degradation of two dyes of different persistance was investigated. Primary degradation of methylene blue did not fit a first order kinetic due to coincident adsorption onto the photocatalyst and direct photolysis, resulting in a half-life of 6 h. A filtrate of a green algae suspension accelerated the colour removal. In contrast, reactive red 2 was degraded only by photocatalysis; neither adsorption nor direct photolysis led to a colour removal. The course of primary degradation followed a first order kinetic with a half-life of 18 h and a rate constant of 0.04 h −1. Analysis of the degradation products indicated mineralization by detection of NO 2 − and NO 3 −, accompanied by a decrease of pH and an increase of conductivity. A successful adaptation of the model reactor (scale 1:10) to dimensions required for surface waters and waste water treatment plants would be a costefficient and environmentally sustainable application of photocatalysis for the treatment of industrially polluted water and could be of relevance for third world contries, particularly those favoured by high solar radiation.

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