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Volatility extraction using the Kalman filter



This paper focuses on the extraction of volatility of financial returns. The volatility process is modeled as a superposition of two autoregressive processes which represent the more persistent factor and the quickly mean-reverting factor. As the volatility is not observable, the logarithm of the daily high-low range is employed as its proxy. The estimation of parameters and volatility extraction are performed using a modified version of the Kalman filter which takes into account the finite sample distribution of the proxy.

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