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Diagnosis and management of somatosensory tinnitus: review article

Authors
Journal
Clinics
1807-5932
Publisher
Fundacao Faculdade de Medicina
Publication Date
Volume
66
Issue
6
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1590/s1807-59322011000600028
Keywords
  • Review
Disciplines
  • Medicine
  • Musicology
  • Physics

Abstract

Tinnitus is the perception of sound in the absence of an acoustic external stimulus. It affects 10–17% of the world's population and it a complex symptom with multiple causes, which is influenced by pathways other than the auditory one. Recently, it has been observed that tinnitus may be provoked or modulated by stimulation arising from the somatosensorial system, as well as from the somatomotor and visual–motor systems. This specific subgroup – somatosensory tinnitus – is present in 65% of cases, even though it tends to be underdiagnosed. As a consequence, it is necessary to establish evaluation protocols and specific treatments focusing on both the auditory pathway and the musculoskeletal system.

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