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ESR as a valuable tool for the investigation of the dynamics of EPC and EPC/cholesterol liposomes containing a carboranyl-nucleoside intended for BNCT

Authors
Journal
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Biomembranes
0005-2736
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
1712
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.bbamem.2005.04.004
Keywords
  • Spectroscopy
  • Phosphatidylcholine
  • Cholesterol Liposome

Abstract

Abstract Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) spectroscopy of long-chain nitroxides (5-, 7-, and 16-doxyl stearic acid) has been used to evaluate the perturbations induced by β-5- o-carboranyl-2′-deoxyuridine (CDU) on the structure and dynamics of egg phosphatidylcholine (EPC) and EPC/cholesterol liposomes. Loaded liposomes are intended for the use in Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). From a detailed analysis of the motional and order parameters determining the ESR line shape as a function of temperature and of CDU content in liposomes, an increased order and a hindered motion of the phospholipid membranes resulted in the presence of increasing CDU concentration. This occurred particularly at the liposome surface level. Both higher ordering and increased rigidity of the membrane lipids were the result of the constraints exerted by the embedded carboranyl-nucleoside.

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