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Mobility of Chromium and Tin Associated with Geochemical Dynamics in Groundwater in Meboudja Plain

Energy Procedia
DOI: 10.1016/j.egypro.2014.06.084
  • Pollution
  • Surface Water
  • Chromium
  • Tin
  • Redox
  • Chemistry


Abstract In the region of Sidi Amar Annaba South. Storage of industrial waste from the Arcelor-Mittal steel complex directly on the floor produced an infiltration of heavy metals to the under saturated and groundwater area. To know the exact origin of some pollutants and their evolution in time, monthly monitoring of water chemistry (potential hydrogen, potential of oxydo-reduction, temperature, conductivity, Oxygen, Calcium, Magnesium, Sodium, Potassium, Chlorine, sulfate, bicarbonate, Nitrate, Strontium, total Chrome, total Tin) was performed on wells for water cycle. Statistical analysis shows a common origin of chromium and tin that would be due to electroplating waste. The temporal evolution of these elements highlights the influence of several factors (potential hydrogen, potential of oxydo-reduction, rainfall and pumping) in the dissolution of these species and the evolution of the dominant aqueous species. There presentation of water points on the Eh-pH equilibrium diagram indicates that chromium may appear in the water table in two complex forms, trivalent and hexavalent by against the tin is in the hexavalent form.

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