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Contribution of afferent feedback and descending drive to human hopping

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  • Medicine


River Publishers Human Locomotion and the Motor Cortex Human Locomotion and the Motor Cortex Drive to the Motoneuron and the Role of Afferent Input PhD Thesis by Abraham T. Zuur Center for Sensory-Motor Interaction (SMI), Department of Health Science and Technology, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark ISBN 978-87-92982- - (e-book) Published, sold and distributed by: River Publishers P.O. Box 1657 Algade 42 9000 Aalborg Denmark Tel.: +45369953197 Copyright for this work belongs to the author, River Publishers have the sole right to distribute this work commercially. All rights reserved c© 2013 Abraham T. Zuur. No part of this work may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or trans- mitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, microfilming, recording or otherwise, without prior written permission from the Publisher. 64 3 Preface This dissertation is based on work carried out between February 2004 and July 2006, and between November 2007 and August 2008 at the Department of Neuroscience and Pharmacology and the Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences at the University of Copenhagen as well as at the Centre for Sensory-Motor Interaction (SMI) at Aalborg University. The finalisation of the project was postponed due to the completion of my studies at medical school. The core of the thesis is consisting of five original research papers. The chapters surrounding these papers provide background for the role of the motor cortex in human walking and hopping. It will also raise the question whether walking should be termed automated, or voluntary. The results of the papers in brief will be discussed in the final chapter. Abraham Theodoor Zuur Enschede, 2013 Abstract Human walking displays an impressive precision and the ability to adapt to different terrains. It is suggested that both spinal as well as supra-spinal structures play an impo

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