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Risk of severe driver injury by driving with psychoactive substances

Authors
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd.
Publication Date
Keywords
  • Driving With Alcohol And Other Psychoactive Substances Imposes An Increased Risk Of Severe Injury Ac
  • In A Population-Based Case-Control Design
  • The Relative Risks Of Severe Driver Injury (Mais ≥ 2) By Driving With Ten Substance Groups Were Ap
  • Amphetamines
  • Benzoylecgonine
  • Cocaine
  • Cannabis
  • Illicit Opiates
  • Benzodiazepines And Z-Drugs
  • I
  • E
  • Zolpidem And Zopiclone
  • Medicinal Opioids
  • Alcohol-Drug Combinations And Drug-Drug Combinations)
  • Data From Six Countries Were Included In The Study: Belgium
  • Denmark
  • Finland
  • Italy
  • Lithuania And The Netherlands
  • Case Samples (N = 2490) Were Collected From Severely Injured Drivers Of Passenger Cars Or Vans In Se
  • Control Samples (N = 15
  • 832) Were Sampled In A Uniform Sampling Scheme Stratified According To Country
  • Time
  • Road Type And Season
  • Relative Risks Were Approximated By Odds Ratios And Calculated By Logistic Regression
  • The Estimates Were Adjusted For Age
  • Gender And Country
  • The Highest Risk Of The Driver Being Severely Injured Was Associated With Driving Positive For High
  • 8 G/L)
  • Alone Or In Combination With Other Psychoactive Substances
  • For Alcohol
  • Risk Increased Exponentially With Blood Alcohol Concentration (Bac)
  • The Second Most Risky Category Contained Various Drug-Drug Combinations
  • Amphetamines And Medicinal Opioids
  • Medium Increased Risk Was Associated With Medium Sized Bacs (At Or Above 0
  • 5 G/L
  • Below 0
  • 8 G/L) And Benzoylecgonine
  • The Least Risky Drug Seemed To Be Cannabis And Benzodiazepines And Z-Drugs
  • For Male Drivers
  • The Risk Of Being Severely Injured By Driving With Any Of The Psychoactive Substances Was About 65%
  • For Each Of The Substance Groups There Was A Decrease In The Risk Of Severe Driver Injury With Incre
  • It Is Concluded That Among Psychoactive Substances Alcohol Still Poses The Largest Problem In Terms
  • © 2013 Elsevier Ltd
  • All Rights Reserved

Abstract

Risk of severe driver injury by driving with psychoactive substances - DTU Orbit (27/04/14) Risk of severe driver injury by driving with psychoactive substances - DTU Orbit (27/04/14) Risk of severe driver injury by driving with psychoactive substances Hels, T., Lyckegaard, A., Bernhoft, I. M., Simonsen, K. W. & Steentoft, A. 2013 In : Accident Analysis and Prevention. 59, p. 346-356 Publication: Research - peer-review › Journal article – Annual report year: 2013

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