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Behavioral management of children's distress during painful medical procedures

Authors
Journal
Behaviour Research and Therapy
0005-7967
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
23
Issue
5
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0005-7967(85)90098-1
Disciplines
  • Design
  • Medicine
  • Psychology

Abstract

Abstract The purpose of the current study was to develop and assess the efficacy of a psychological intervention program to reduce the behavioral distress of pediatric cancer patients undergoing highly-painful medical procedures (bone-marrow aspirations and lumbar punctures) which are required for the diagnosis and treatment of their disease. The psychological intervention was delivered to 5 patients ages 3 1 2 –7yr within the context of a staggered baseline design. Results suggested that the program was effective at reducing behavioral distress for all 5 patients during the initial intervention. However, 1 S showed some regression of intervention effects during a second treatment session. Possible alternative explanations for the results obtained were discussed and implications for future research were presented.

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