The mousterian «mask» of La Roche-Cotard site, Langeais (Indre-et-Loire. France). La Roche-Cotard site has been discovered at the beginning of the century but the Mousterian level (La Roche-Cotard II) in front of the opening of the cave (La Roche-Cotard) has only been known for 25 years. This inhabited level has given a very particular object indubitably prepared by man with a flint having a natural pipe in which was placed a bone splinter. This object which looks like a human or animal face is an exceptional sign of the slow advance towards the birth of figurative art.