Abstract Purpose Routine permanent prostate brachytherapy (PPB) includes CT-based postimplant dosimetry (PID). A method of identifying different source types from CT data in the same implant volume is described. Methods and materials A previously described automatic method for seed localization using CT data is used in this study. Two cases were analyzed: a PPB case with 103Pd followed by salvage 125I implantation, both performed at another institution, and a cadaver case where 4 different seed types, including ferromagnetic seeds, and fiducials were implanted. Results Automatic segregation of different seed types with minimal manual correction is demonstrated using the described localization algorithm. The process is confirmed accurate by comparison of plain film radiographs to CT data and digitally reconstructed radiographs. Conclusion Unique identification of different source types, including PPB seeds, fiducial markers, and ferromagnetic seeds in permanent implants is possible and permits dosimetric analyses that are spatially coincident.