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The influence of the sorptive properties of organic soils on the migration rate of137Cs

Authors
Journal
Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
0265-931X
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
61
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s0265-931x(01)00128-x
Keywords
  • Caesium
  • Adsorption
  • Soil Contamination
  • Chernobyl Fall-Out
  • Migration

Abstract

Abstract Using a compartment model, the migration rates of 137Cs were calculated for two types of organic soils: a low peat-muck soil and a black earth. The migration rates of 137Cs in the tested soils turned out to be significantly higher than in mineral types examined earlier and ranged from 0.6 to 12.3 cm/year. The partition coefficients ( K d ) were also determined for samples with varying organic matter content (OM) that were taken from different layers of the studied soils. The experimental results indicate that there is a clear relationship between K d values and OM. The investigation was widened by microcalorimetric measurements which confirmed that the adsorption of 137Cs on the organic soils is low.

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