Abstract In the previous paper we showed that the major changes in the pattern of protein synthesis during differentiation of Dictyostelium discoideum occur during the 4-hr period when the cells are forming tight, visible aggregates. During this time, synthesis of 10 discrete polypeptides made by preaggregation cells ceases or is reduced considerably, and synthesis of 40 new proteins is induced. Induction or cessation of synthesis of these proteins was parallelled by the appearance or disappearance of the corresponding messenger RNAs. In this paper we show that many of these changes are induced by continued cell-cell contact. None of these occurs in aggregation-competent cells kept in suspension culture, but changes do take place when such cells are allowed to form tight aggregates. Disaggregation of cells causes cessation of synthesis of “aggregation-stage” proteins and reinduction of synthesis of polypeptides characteristic of preaggregation cells.