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A novel triple adjuvant formulation promotes strong, Th1-biased immune responses and significant antigen retention at the site of injection

Authors
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd
Publication Date
Volume
28
Issue
52
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2010.10.006
Keywords
  • Adjuvants
  • Fluorescent Imaging
  • Polyphosphazenes
  • Antigen Retention

Abstract

Abstract Ovalbumin (OVA) was labeled with a near infra-red dye (*OVA) and formulated with the host defense peptide indolicidin (Indol), CpG oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) 1826 (CpG) and/or poly(p-dicarboxylatophenoxy)-phosphazene (PP4). The immunogenicity of these *OVA formulations was evaluated in mice. All double and triple adjuvant combinations elicited strong antibody responses. *OVA formulated with CpG ODN in combination with indolicidin, PP4 or both induced only IFN-γ, while formulations with indolicidin and/or PP4 promoted predominantly IL-5 production. Overall, both IgG and IFN-γ production was superior when *OVA was combined with CpG/Indol/PP4. Furthermore, mice injected with *OVA formulated with CpG/Indol/PP4 contained detectable *OVA in the injection site two months post immunization. These results indicate that the CpG/Indol/PP4 combination promotes prolonged antigen retention and strong, antigen-specific Th1-biased immune responses.

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