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On the use of perforations to improve the sound absorption of porous materials

Applied Acoustics
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/j.apacoust.2004.09.008
  • Absorption
  • Porous Material
  • Double Porosity
  • Perforation
  • Design
  • Mathematics


Abstract The concept of meso-perforations in appropriately chosen porous media can help enhance their sound absorption performance. The meso-perforated materials are also referred to as “double porosity materials” since they are made up of two interconnected networks of pores of different characteristic size. Several theoretical, numerical and experimental works have been accomplished on the subject by the authors. The purpose of this paper is to give a synthetic review of these works and establish practical design rules to develop optimized noise control solutions based on this concept. The paper presents two complementary models to deal with this kind of materials: an analytical model based on homogenization techniques and a numerical model relying on a finite element discretization of the domains. The limits of these models are discussed. The choice of the design parameters is then been investigated in order to provide practical design rules. This choice relies on a criterion which is evaluated from the knowledge of the resistivity, porosity and tortuosity of the micropous medium, and the calculation of a geometrical parameter defined from the chosen mesoscopic structure. Experimental and numerical results regarding the influence of the mesopore profile along the thickness performed in a appropriately chosen substrate microporous medium are presented. The agreement between the models and the experiments is satisfactory. Results show that significant enhancements of the absorption properties can be obtained over a selected frequency band by adjusting the mesopore profile. It is also shown that interesting absorbing properties can be obtained when coating a double porosity medium with an impervious screen.

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