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Secondary depression in panic disorder and agoraphobia. II. Dimensions of depressive symptomatology and their response to treatment

Authors
Journal
Journal of Affective Disorders
0165-0327
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
16
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0165-0327(89)90055-4
Keywords
  • Panic Disorder
  • Agoraphobia
  • Secondary Depression
  • Factor Analysis
  • Alprazolam

Abstract

Abstract Secondary depressive symptomatology in 435 subjects with panic disorder and phobic avoidance was studied before and after alprazolam treatment. No subject who had a primary affective disorder was included. Calculation of Hamilton Depression Rating Scale factor scores revealed that the agitation/ anxiety, sleep disturbance, and somatization factors accounted for approximately 75% of the HAM-D total score; these all showed significant improvement with alprazolam treatment. There were few differences in dimensions of depressive symptomatology between those subjects with and those without major depression; the main difference was in the overall intensity of the depression.

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