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Recommended standards for γ-ray energy calibration

Authors
Journal
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A Accelerators Spectrometers Detectors and Associated Equipment
0168-9002
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
422
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s0168-9002(98)01079-1

Abstract

Abstract A consistent set of γ-ray energies, generally with uncertainties of less than 10 ppm, has been prepared for use in the energy calibration of γ-ray spectra. The energy scale used for the previously recommended standards (1979) has been modified to take into account subsequent adjustments in the fundamental constants (−7.71 ppm) and in the γ-ray wavelengths deduced from a revised estimate of the lattice spacing of Si crystals (+1.91 ppm). On this revised energy scale, the strong line from 198Au has an energy of 411 802.05±0.17 eV, which is 2.4 eV (or 5.80 ppm) lower than the 1979 value. A significant improvement has come from the reduction in the uncertainty in the wavelength-to-KeV conversion factor from 2.6 to 0.3 ppm. The γ-ray energies reported here are all on this `wavelength' scale and range from 25 to 6129 keV. The criteria for the selection of γ rays to include are described. The list of γ-ray energies recommended for calibration, especially for Ge semiconductor detectors, has values for about 260 γ-rays from 50 radionuclides and two (n,γ) reactions.

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