Affordable Access

Progressive decline in avoidance learning paralleled by inflammatory neurodegeneration in transgenic mice expressing interleukin 6 in the brain

The National Academy of Sciences of the USA
Publication Date
  • Biological Sciences
  • Biology
  • Medicine


Inflammation with expression of interleukin 6 (IL-6) in the brain occurs in many neurodegenerative disorders. To better understand the role of IL-6 in such disorders, we examined performance in a learning task in conjunction with molecular and cellular neuropathology in transgenic mice that express IL-6 chronically from astrocytes in the brain. Transgenic mice exhibited dose- and age-related deficits in avoidance learning that closely corresponded with specific progressive neuropathological changes. These results establish a link between the central nervous system expression of IL-6, inflammatory neurodegeneration, and a learning impairment in transgenic mice. They suggest a critical role for a proinflammatory cytokine in the cognitive deficits and associated neuroinflammatory changes that have been documented in neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer disease and AIDS.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.