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Meshless point collocation for the numerical solution of Navier–Stokes flow equations inside an evaporating sessile droplet

Authors
Journal
Engineering Analysis with Boundary Elements
0955-7997
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
36
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.enganabound.2011.07.019
Keywords
  • Meshfree Point Collocation Method
  • Moving Least Squares Method
  • Radial Basis Function Method
  • Velocity–Vorticity Formulation
  • Navier–Stokes Equations
  • Velocity-Potential Equation
  • Evaporation
  • Droplet

Abstract

Abstract The Navier–Stokes flow inside an evaporating sessile droplet is studied in the present paper, using sophisticated meshfree numerical methods for the computation of the flow field. This problem relates to numerous modern technological applications, and has attracted several analytical and numerical investigations that expanded our knowledge on the internal microflow during droplet evaporation. Two meshless point collocation methods are applied here to this problem and used for flow computations and for comparison with analytical and more traditional numerical solutions. Particular emphasis is placed on the implementation of the velocity-correction method within the meshless procedure, ensuring the continuity equation with increased precision. The Moving Least Squares (MLS) and the Radial Basis Function (RBF) approximations are employed for the construction of the shape functions, in conjunction with the general framework of the Point Collocation Method (MPC). An augmented linear system for imposing the coupled boundary conditions that apply at the liquid–gas interface, especially the zero shear-stress boundary condition at the interface, is presented. Computations are obtained for regular, Type-I embedded nodal distributions, stressing the positivity conditions that make the matrix of the system stable and convergent. Low Reynolds number (Stokes regime), and elevated Reynolds number (Navier–Stokes regime) conditions have been studied and the solutions are compared to those of analytical and traditional CFD methods. The meshless implementation has shown a relative ease of application, compared to traditional mesh-based methods, and high convergence rate and accuracy.

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