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Racial Differences in Residential and Job Mobility: Evidence Concerning the Spatial Mismatch Hypothesis

Authors
Journal
Journal of Urban Economics
0094-1190
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
43
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1006/juec.1997.2040

Abstract

Abstract The spatial mismatch hypothesis asserts that job decentralization adversely impacts the labor market outcomes of African Americans. This paper tests whether race and job access have an independent effect on the probability of a joint residential move and job change. No evidence is found to indicate that race directly influences the joint probability. The paper finds, however, that poor job access has an independent negative effect on the probability of a joint residential move and job change. Because African-American residences are heavily concentrated in American central cities, these results suggest that African-American workers may not be able to fully adjust as new jobs are created in the suburbs.

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