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Determination of picomolar concentrations of proteins using novel amino reactive chameleon labels and capillary electrophoresis laser-induced fluorescence detection

John Wiley & Sons
Publication Date
  • 540 Chemie
  • Biology


Py-1 and Py-6 are novel amino-reactive fluorescent reagents. The names given to them reflect that they consist of a pyrylium group attached to small aromatic moieties. Upon reaction with a primary amine there is a large spectral shift in the reagent, rendering them effectively fluorogenic. In this study, these reagents were used to label a test protein, (human serum albumin), and the sample was analyzed by capillary electrophoresis and laser-induced fluorescence detection. Detection limits after a 60 min labeling reaction at 22°C (Py-1) and 50°C (Py-6) were 6.5 ng/mL (98 pM) for Py-1 and 1.2 ng/mL (18 pM) for Py-6. Separation of immunoglobulin G (IgG), human serum albumin, lipase, and myoglobin after labeling with Py-6 were performed. The method was further modified to make it amenable to automation. Unlike many other amino reactive reagents used to label protein amino groups, reaction with Py-1 and Py-6 do not alter the charge of the protein and the advantage of this with respect to electrophoretic separations is discussed.

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