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Analysis of US energy scenarios:Meta-scenarios, pathways, and policy implications

Authors
Journal
Technological Forecasting and Social Change
0040-1625
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
70
Issue
4
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s0040-1625(02)00254-8
Keywords
  • Energy
  • Scenarios
  • Pathways
  • Futures
  • Policy

Abstract

Abstract This manuscript reviews a collection of recent energy scenarios from a policy and planning perspective and compares these scenarios quantitatively with respect to US energy consumption, energy efficiency, and carbon content of the fuel mix in 2020. “Carbon efficiency,” a combined measure of the effects of energy efficiency and decarbonization, is defined and is shown to be proportional to the product of energy efficiency and the inverse of the carbon content of the fuel mix. The scenarios are compared on a graph of total energy consumption in 2020 versus carbon efficiency and the results used to define a set of stylized meta-scenarios that span a broad range of possible US energy futures. Pathways to these meta-scenarios and implications for US energy policy are discussed in comparison to past and present US energy experience.

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