Abstract Herein we asked whether cells expressing calcium-binding proteins around the corticostriatal junction are of pallial or subpallial origin. Brains of rabbit embryos between embryonic day E18 and E28 and postnatal day 0–P22 were immunoreacted with monoclonal antibodies raised against calretinin, calbindin and parvalbumin. At E18–E21, calbindin- and calretinin-immunoreactive cells were seen in distinct proliferative zones in the vicinity of the corticostriatal junction. Whereas calbindin-immunoreactive neurons were in the ventricular zone of the ventral pallium (the medial wall of the lateral ventricular angle), calretinin-immunoreactive cells were, nearby, in the subventricular zone of the subpallium at the lateral edge of the lateral ganglionic eminence. From E25 to P22, both calbindin- and calretinin-immunoreactive cells appeared in the pallial ventricular and subventricular zones around the lateral ventricular angle. Some of these cells resembled migratory neuroblasts. Parvalbumin-immunoreactive cells appeared at P5–P10, albeit they were almost negligible in the proliferative zones around the corticostriatal junction and the lateral ventricular angle. The results suggest that a number of the calbindin-expressing neurons that are generated in mid-gestation and postnatally are of pallial origin. They also indicate that only a few of the late-generated calretinin-immunoreactive cells may have a pallial source. The origin of the parvalbumin-immunoreactive cells was not ascertained in the present study.