A 3-year microplot study was conducted to characterize the interaction between Meloidogyne arenaria race 1 (MA1) and M. hapla (MH), as affected by the five peanut genotypes: Florigiant, NC 7, NC 6, NC Ac 18416, and NC Ac 18016. The interactive effects on infection (total parasitic forms per root unit) and reproduction potentials of each nematode species and crop damage were determined. As a single population, MA1 had greater infection capacity and caused more crop damage than did MH, but both species had similar reproduction potentials. In mixed infestations, MA1 was more competitive than MH, as reflected by incidence of infection. Infection and reproduction potentials, and crop-damage capabilities of the mixed populations were similar to those of MA1 alone. All peanut genotypes were susceptible to infection by both nematodes. NC 6 was less susceptible to damage by MA1 and the mixed populations than other genotypes. A nematode treatment x genotype interaction was detected for root infection and crop damage, but not for population density or reproduction. With high preplant nematode levels (Pi), the populations reached their peak by midseason, whereas those with low Pi peaked after midseason. Crop damage in the second and third years was correlated with Pi level. Key words: Arachis hypogaea, competition, infection potential, interaction, Meloidogyne arenaria, M. hapla, mixed population, parasitic fitness, peanut, reproduction potential, root-knot nematode.