Affordable Access

Publisher Website

Correlation between capacitances of porous carbons in acidic and aprotic EDLC electrolytes

Authors
Journal
Electrochemistry Communications
1388-2481
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
9
Issue
6
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.elecom.2007.01.031
Keywords
  • Supercapacitor
  • Double-Layer
  • Carbon
  • Porosity
  • Chemical Groups
Disciplines
  • Earth Science

Abstract

Abstract A study based on a total of 41 nanoporous carbons shows that there exists a good correlation between the limiting gravimetric capacitances C o at low current densities j (1 mA cm −2) measured in aprotic (1 M (C 2H 5) 4NBF 4 in acetonitrile) and in acidic (2 M aqueous H 2SO 4) electrolytes. The comparison of the surface-related capacitances (F m −2) of well characterized samples with the amount of thermodesorbed CO suggests a strong contribution of CO generating surface groups to charge storage in the acidic electrolyte, but a negligible contribution in the aprotic medium. It also appears that the decrease of the capacitance with current density is similar in both electrolytes. This confirms that the average micropore width and the CO 2 generating surface groups are the main factors which limit the ionic mobility in both electrolytes.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.