Background Rotator cuff repairs (RCRs) have become increasingly common. Several studies have shown variation in the indications for this procedure. We chose to track the incidence of RCRs in New York State (NYS) from 1995 to 2009. We hypothesized that after the introduction of the Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code 29827 for arthroscopic RCR, there would be a significant increase in the rate of RCRs performed in NYS. Materials and methods The NYS Department of Health’s Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (SPARCS) database was queried for reported RCRs between the years 1995 and 2009. Using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification procedural code 83.63 and CPT codes 23410, 23412, 23420, and 29827, we collected and analyzed data on RCR procedures. Results A total of 168,780 RCRs were performed in NYS from 1995 to 2009. In 1995, the population incidence of RCRs was 23.5 per 100,000. In comparison, in 2009, the population incidence was 83.1 per 100,000, an increase of 238% (P < .0001). The percentage of individuals aged between 45 and 65 years undergoing RCR increased from 53.0% to 64.2% during this same period. Conclusions There has been a notable increase in the volume of RCRs performed in NYS. In addition, after the introduction of CPT code 29827 in 2003, the increase in the incidence of RCRs became significantly more pronounced.