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Dissociative experiences are related to commissions in emotional memory

Authors
Journal
Behaviour Research and Therapy
0005-7967
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
41
Issue
6
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s0005-7967(03)00016-0
Keywords
  • Memory
  • Emotion
  • Dissociation
  • Fantasy Proneness

Abstract

Abstract Two rival hypotheses of the link between dissociative experiences and emotional memory were tested: 1) the defence mechanism hypothesis that assumes that dissociation promotes fragmentation of emotional memory; and 2) the fantasy proneness hypothesis that claims that because of its overlap with fantasy proneness, dissociation is related to commissions in emotional memory. Undergraduates scoring high ( n = 19) or low ( n = 19) on the Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES) listened to an aversive story. Next, a free recall task was administered. While high dissociators made more commission errors in their free recall than did low dissociators, fantasy proneness did not account for this difference.

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