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Subcellular localization of uric acid storage in the fat body ofManduca sextaduring the larval-pupal transformation

Authors
Journal
Journal of Insect Physiology
0022-1910
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
31
Issue
9
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0022-1910(85)90055-1
Keywords
  • Manduca Sexta
  • Tobacco Hornworm
  • Uric Acid
  • Fat Body
  • Storage
  • Vacuole
Disciplines
  • Design

Abstract

Abstract The fat body of the tobacco hornworm, Manduca sexta, serves as the major site for uric acid storage during metamorphosis. Light and electron microscopic examinations of fat body stained with reduced silver to show the location of stored uric acid have revealed that most, if not all, fat body cells store uric acid. The extent of specific staining is proportional to the increase in uric acid concentration in fat body during the initial stages of metamorphosis. Storage is associated with discrete membrane-bound structures, designated as uric acid storage vacuoles. In larval fat body, the structures are round or elliptical-shaped vacuoles with electron-dense fibrous interiors and are about the size of observed mitocondria (0.5–1.0 μm). During the larval-pupal transformation, the storage vacuoles double in size and appear as fibrous cores with spaces between the cores and the surrounding membranes. Before pupal ecdysis, the storage vacuoles are concentrated around the nucleus of each cell but after that event they are more uniformly distributed within fat body cells.

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