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Social protection in the Member States of the Community. Situation on July 1st 1991 and evolution

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  • Economics
  • Medicine


COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES SOCIAL PROTECTION IN THE MEMBER STATES OF THE COMMUNITY Situation on July 1st 1991 and evolution Directorate-General of Employment, Industrial Relations and Social Affairs MIS SOC User Rectangle User Rectangle This publication is also available in the following languages: DE ISBN 90-5350-104-5 FR ISBN 90-5350-103-7 ISBN 90-5350-102-9 © EEC - MISSOC Published by Garant Publishers, Tiensesteenweg 83, 3010 Leuven- Kessei-Lo (Belgium) No part of this book may be reproduced in any form by print, photoprint, microfilm or any other means without written permission from the publisher. Printed in Belgium. CONTENTS Introduction 5 Evolution of social security policies over the period 1 July 1990 to 30 June 1991 7 1. General trends 7 2. Developments in the various countries 9 Organization 21 Financing 35 Health care 53 Sickness - cash benefits 71 Maternity 79 Invalidity 87 ow~~ 100 Survivors 117 Employment injuries and occupational diseases 129 Family benefits 153 Unemployment 171 Guaranteeing sufficient resources 189 4 INTRODUCTION The Community information system on social protection "MISSOC" is a service created by the Commission for its own use, the authorities of the member countries, employers and trade unions, and other users. The aim is to provide rapid, comparable and up-to-date information on the contents and development of social protection in the Member States. MISSOC involves an intense and constant cooperation with a group of high-level civil servants, working in the relevant departments in the twelve Member States, who provide all necessary information on the development of their systems. These data are sent to the MISSOC secretariat, which is run by the European Institute of Social Security in Leuven (Belgium). The information is then translated into the three official languages of the project (English, French and German) and placed in a databank. By virtue of its

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