Abstract Toledo SD, Nadler SF, Norris RN, Akuthota V, Drake DF, Chou LH. Sports and performing arts medicine. 5. Issues relating to musicians. 2004;85(3 Suppl 1):S72–4. This self-directed learning module discusses classic topics and highlights new advances in this topic area. This article, which discusses upper-limb injuries in musicians, is a section of the study guide on sports and performing arts medicine in the Self-Directed Physiatric Education Program for practitioners and trainees in physical medicine and rehabilitation. This article uses case vignettes to elaborate on issues relating to musicians. Overall article objective To summarize overuse injury, nerve entrapment, and focal dystonia in instrumental musicians.