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Preparation of colloidal graphene in quantity by electrochemical exfoliation

Authors
Journal
Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
0021-9797
Publisher
Elsevier
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2014.08.057
Keywords
  • Colloidal Graphene
  • Electrochemical Exfoliation
  • Mass Production
  • Energy Storage
  • Printed Electronics
Disciplines
  • Chemistry
  • Design

Abstract

Abstract We reported the preparation of colloidal graphene in quantity via the anodic exfoliation of graphite in (NH4)2SO4 aqueous solution. In the currently designed electrochemical exfoliation route, mass high-quality graphene was produced within short reaction time, around 1h. The proposed electrochemical exfoliation mechanism showed that SO42− and H2O can be intercalated into those graphite sheets, monolayer and few-layer graphene were obtained by the formation of gaseous SO2 and O2 within graphite sheets. Stability evaluation showed that our exfoliated colloidal graphene can be perfectly stabilized in DMF solvent more than 1week. The colloidal graphene can be used to construct various simple and complex patterns by writing it on A4 paper, which can be applied to flexible printed electronic devices. Furthermore, colloidal graphene can show promising applications in the fabrication of binder- and additive-free electrodes for supercapacitors and lithium-ion batteries. Our present method shows huge potential for industrial-scale synthesis of high-quality graphene and further commercialization of graphene colloid for numerous advanced applications in flexible printed electronics and energy storage devices.

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